Treatment consists of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain relief, physical therapy for improving overall function, and exercise to improve strength. If the medications and therapy do not work, steroid or local anesthetic injections in the muscle, joints, or spinal canal may be an option.
Periodic X-rays will show whether the vertebra is changing position.
Surgical treatment is frequently necessary if the curve increases or other symptoms worsen. The type of surgical procedure varies depending on the curve type and size. The most common surgery is a posterior spinal fusion with metal implants and bone graft (from the pelvis or the bone bank), with or without decompression of the nerve roots.