SPONDYLOSIS and SPONDYLOLISTHESIS
Spondylosis refers to degeneration of the spine. The term can be used to describe degeneration in the neck, middle and lower back. Most often, the term spondylosis is used to describe osteoarthritis of the spine, but it is also commonly used to describe any manner of spinal degeneration (Ulrich, Jr., MD, 2012).
Symptoms and conditions include:
- Pain from facet joint osteoarthritis, causing pain during times of high activity or after extended inactivity.
- Spinal stenosis, an abnormal narrowing of the spinal canal, which is creating leg pain when the patient walks.
- The pain could be caused by degenerative disc disease, in which a degenerated disc that becomes dehydrated and loses some of its function. The degenerated disc can cause low back pain or neck pain, and possibly leg pain or arm pain.
Spondylolisthesis is a condition in which one bone in your back slides forward over the bone below it. It most often occurs in the lower spine. In some cases, this may lead to your spinal cord or nerve roots being squeezed. This can cause back pain and numbness or weakness in one or both legs. In rare cases, it can also lead to losing control over your bladder or bowels. See a doctor right away if you begin losing bladder or bowel control.
Sometimes when a vertebra slips out of place, you may have no symptoms at all or no symptoms until years later. Then, you may have pain in your low back or buttock. Muscles in your leg may feel tight or weak. You may even limp.